The Roman Bridge of Córdoba, also known as the “Old Bridge”, presently has 16 of the original 17 arches and measures across 331 meters (over 361 yards). It was built in the I Century B.C. over the Guadalquivir River and is still in use after more than 20 centuries.
The Romans were the first to use stone in constructing bridges, making the sturdy and strong. It is no wonder why this bridge has withstood the test of time. It is said that this was an important entry point to the city from the southern zone of the Iberian Peninsula without the need of vessels to cross the river.
The historical complex of the Roman Bridge of Córdoba, aside from the viaduct is also comprised of the “Puerta del Puente” and the “Torre de la Calahorra”. The “Puerta del Puente” was built by the Architect Hernán Ruiz III in1572 by order of King Felipe II. The defensive tower known as the “Torre de la Calahorra” was erected during centuries of the occupancy of the Moors, found at the other extreme of the Roman Bridge.
The Roman Bridge of Córdoba has been subjected to multiple remodeling, yet not much information is available as to the ornamental elements used. In fact, most of the restoration work preformed over time has been more of an esthetic nature as opposed to structural. On January 9, 2008, the Roman Bridge was re-inaugurated following the most major remodeling done in the bridge’s history.
At the mid-point of the Roman Bridge, one will find the sculpture of Saint Rafael with dates back to 1651, work of the sculptor Bernabé Gómez del Río. This in addition to, the Niche of the Patrons, the parapet and benches found on the bridge itself.