The Patio of the Orange Trees of the Cathedral Mosque of Cordoba is the largest and oldest courtyard in the city, and its origin is linked to that of the temple itself, in the year 786. It owes its name to the 98 orange trees planted in rows.
The role of the courtyard in Muslim society was essentially religious, although it became a social meeting point for the society of Cordoba. Under the orange trees there is a well-sized cistern that secured the water necessary for the purification rituals of the Muslims. During the thirteenth century, palm trees were planted. In the eighteenth century olive trees and cypresses were added.